Biotechnology uses living cells and materials to create pharmaceutical, diagnostic, agricultural, environmental, and other products to benefit society. The science of biotechnology is also used to alter genetic information in animals and plants to improve them in some way that benefits people. Because biotechnology essentially uses the basic ingredients of life to make new products, it is both a cutting “edge technology and an applied science. Analysts have predicted that biotechnology will be one of the most important applied sciences of the 21st century. Ever since man began using microorganisms for the production of fermented food and beverage, Biotechnology has been in existence About two decades ago, biotechnology became much more of a science (rather than an art). The discovery that strands of DNA called genes give rise to chains of amino acids called proteins, which are important functional components in the cell, had given in our hands the most potential science to benefit mankind. About a decade ago, “protein engineering” became possible as an offshoot of the recombinant DNA technology. Protein engineering differs from “classical” biotechnology in that it is concerned with producing new (man-made) proteins, which have been modified or improved in some way.
Biotechnology is booming field for future with good job future perspectives. Below are some important things for Biotechnology in India. Today’s biotechnology consists of at least twenty-five areas each area being characterized by the use of a different set of technologies. Biotechnologies are always non-polluting and, often, labour intensive. They make use of replenishable natural resources and help their conservation. They help, directly or indirectly, in saving energy. The cost of products produced through a biotechnological process is almost always less than that of the same product produced, say, through a chemical synthetic route. Biotechnologies are less accident-prone. In spite of their high level of intellectual sophistication, it is easier to train people to handle biotechnologies than other technologies. Above all, they are interesting and exciting for all those involved with them.
Facilities: PH Meter, Autoclave, UV- VIS spectrophotometer, circulating water bath, Laminar flow, Horizontal and vertical gel apparatus, UV Trans illuminator, Oven, Incubator, cooling centrifugation, Refrigerator (4oC) and deep freezer (-20oC)
Brief about your faculties: – The HOD of the Department has a PhD degree from Mumbai University and carried his work in a reputed research institute i.e. BARC. He is the recipient of Department of Science and Technology , New Delhi –Fellowship (Govt. of India) for collaboration project with BARC and MPKV,(1998-2003). The Department has well qualified staffs form the various stream of sciences, such as biotechnology, biochemistry, and fermentation technology and allied branches